So, the Falklands are back in the news again. Argentina's president has written an open letter, published in the Guardian newspaper, urging the UK government to hand over the Falkland Islands.

For those not familiar with this ongoing argument, here's a brief history of this bitter conflict, in handy timeline form...

Land ahoy!
Englishman John Strong is the first man to land on the islands, which he names after his naval boss, Viscount Falkland.

1764 – 1811

Colonial musical chairs
Colonisers from France, Britain and Spain settle on the Falklands, before abandoning them completely in 1811.

Argentina arrives
A small Argentine settlement is established on Las Malvinas (the Falklands).

Rule Britannia
The key date in the sovereignty dispute: Britain re-establishes control of the islands, which they’d abandoned in 1776. Argentine soldiers are evicted, but non-military colonists are encouraged to stay behind.

Falklands 1833

Un-united Nations
The United Nations is formed. Argentina stakes its claim to the islands in its opening address.

1982 (April 2)
This means war
Argentine military government launches Operation Rosario: the Argentine navy, with thousands of troops, invades.

1982 (April 5)
Brits aboard
The naval taskforce sails for the South Atlantic. It consists of 127 ships, including 43 Royal Navy vessels and three troop ships.

1982 (May 3)
A British submarine torpedoes the Argentine warship General Belgrano, 30 miles outside the established war zone.

Falklands gotcha

1982 (June 12)
Bloody nightmare
British and Argentine troops engage in savage hand-to-hand fighting at Mount Longdon.

Falklands bloody nightmare

1982 (June 14)
Port Stanley is retaken by British troops. Argentina signs a surrender document and 9,800 Argentine troops lay down their guns.

Falklands peace

It’s official
Argentina enshrines its Falklands claim in its constitution – every new president is now obliged to stake a claim to the islands.

Fishy business
Argentina refuses to participate at a sustainable fishing conference in Spain until the Islanders are removed. They promptly are.

Last year, the 30th anniversary of the war, witnessed fiery demonstrations, a convoy of 4x4s bearing Union Jacks defiantly traversing the islands, and the Argentine football league breaking FIFA rules by renaming its top flight in honour of the sunken General Belgrano warship.

But what does 2013 hold for this small island community in the South Atlantic? To be continued...